Saint of Eugenios of Trebizond. Photo courtesy johnsanidopoulos.com
Eugenios was born in Trebizond and became a martyr and patron saint of the ciy. He was martyred following his death during the time of Diocletian (292 AD). After his death, a cult was devoted to him - probably in the 5th century1. Later, the Grand Komnenoi considered him their patron saint which is evident by the many representations of him on the coins and emblems of the Empire of Trebizond2.
Eugenios along with 3 others; Kanidius, Akylas and Valerianus, refused to renounce their Christian faith and were tortured and killed by Commander Lysias in the most satanic way, by beheading. It is also believed that Eugenios also destroyed a local sanctuary dedicated to the pagan god Mithra3. The death of Eugenios confirmed the Christian faith of the people living in Pontus . Fom then onwards St Eugenios has been honoured as the teacher and protector of Trebizond. Today he is honoured each year on the 21st day of January the day of his martyrdom and in particular in Kalamaria, Greece.
1. The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos. A.Bryer. D.Winfield Dumbarton Oaks. p168
2. Vathi Theodora, "Trebizond (Byzantium), Feast of St. Eugenios", Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=6938
3. Hallman Robert, "Trebizond (Byzantium), Cult of St. Eugenios ", Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=9542