THE GENOCIDE OF THE GREEKS IN TURKEY
SURVIVOR TESTIMONIES FROM THE NICOMEDIA (IZMIT) MASSACRES OF 1920-1921.
By Kostas Faltaits
Edited and translated by Ellene Phoufas-Jousma and Aris Tsilfidis
With a prologue by Tessa Hofmann
Cosmos Publishing 2016
The Izmit Massacres of 1920-21 were massacres perpetrated by Kemalist forces on Greek communities in the region east of Istanbul historically known as Nicomedia. According to one report, at least 32 Greek villages were looted or burned and more than 12,000 Greeks were massacred.
In 1921, while following the movements of the Hellenic Army in Asia Minor (today's Turkey), journalist Kostas Faltaits came face to face with the survivors of these massacres and collected their eye-witness accounts.
Meticulously compiled by journalist Kostas Faltaits in 1921 and now available for the first time in English, readers will learn more about the methods the Kemalists used to annihilate Turkey's Christian minorities. This edition includes a prologue by distinguished historian Tessa Hofmann who puts the atrocities into their historical context.
Their stories include the mass burning of civilians in their churches and homes, rape and sexual torture of women, and the burning of children alive. Upon returning to Athens, Faltaits published the testimonies in Greek (1921) and the testimonies were published in French in 1922 & 1923. The book also includes the observations of the Armenian Metropolitan of Nicomedia, Stephan Hovakimian.
Pontic Greeks will also find the book interesting because one of the chapters is dedicated to the Greeks in a region of Nicomedia called Karasou. There were 14 villages in Karasou inhabited by Greeks who had emigrated from Pontus during the 19th century. Another town mentioned in the book is that of Ada Pazar where many Pontic Greeks lived.
With moving testimonies contextualized with scholarly and journalistic commentary, this book improves immeasurably our understanding of the Anatolian Greek genocide by Kemalist militants. The book helps to correct the omission of the Greek experience from the Armenian genocide literature. -Hannibal Travis, Professor of Law
About the author
Kostas Faltaits (1891-1944) was a renowned Greek journalist and author. He was born in Smyrna (today Izmir) but in the same year his family moved to the island of Skyros. He studied Law and Philology at the University of Athens and in 1910 he began a career in journalism.
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