Atatürk Pavilion, is the name of the former residence of a wealthy Greek banker Constantinos Kapagiannidis (Κωνσταντίνος Καπαγιαννίδης). It is located on the slopes of Soğuksu which is near Trabzon (Turkey). Kapagiannidis used the residence as his summer retreat. He built it in 1890 (although some sources suggest 1913). The mansion was built to Western standards and comprises stone walls. The interior comprises tiled flooring and a heating system which was well ahead of it's time. The residence was renamed Ataturk Pavilion after the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey in 1924.
The name Ataturk refers to Mustafa Kemal, the man who the people regarded as the founder of Turkey. Ataturk visited Trabzon 3 times and on his second visit in 1930, stayed at the residence. The then new government of Turkey decided to gift him the house.
It's currently used as a museum.