"Map Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries , The University of Texas at Austin."

 

Ardassa under the administration of Torul, was in the district of Chaldia in Pontus, and was located 15-20 km North-West of Argyroupolis (Gumushane). Ardassa is identified with the ancient city of Dorylaion from which it's current name of Torul appears to originate from. The city is built on the banks of the Upper Harsiote (or Kanis) river. A castle is built on the side and north of this river as evidenced by Clavijo during his travels through Chaldia on the 30th of April 1404.

During the middle ages Ardassa existed in Chaldia, one of the 6 powerful Byzantine seats, and was named Mesohaldion. It was the seat of the powerful family fiefdom of the Kabbazites, and the episcopal seat which was governed by the metropolis of Neocaesareia. Anthony Bryer states that in the early 14th century, Constantine Loukites endowed each of St Eugenios' companions with specific birthplaces in Chaldia. Loukites awarded St Valerian a hamlet near Ardasa as his birthplace: Εδίσκη (Άδισα, or Adise, now Yildiz).

During the period of Ottoman rule, Ardassa was devastated and depopulated whereupon Turkish noble Osman Bey moved in from the village of Monastir (Demirkapi) of Amprikanton, and chose to make it his new seat. From then on, it became a subdistrict of the Ottoman Empire and a commercial/transport center of the wider region, in which there existed a number of Greek villages.

In 1901 the Ardassa bridge was built by chief builder Nik. Demirtzoglou of Santa and provided an increase in movement and transport to the town. The bridge still exists today. According to Panteli Melanofridi the Bridge of Ardassa is that which is referred to in the famous poem ‘Tis Trixas to Yefiri'.

40 Muslim and 5 Christian families lived in Ardassa. Many of the Greek families maintained businesses. Before the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey (1923), Ardassa comprised an administrative building, a court, a post office, businesses and inns as well as a temple which was dedicated in memory of Saint Sophia and the Dormition of the Virgin Mary.

 

Villages of the Ardassa region

Ardasa
Adisa
Avliana
Varaton
Bartanton
Yaratzanton
Dipotamos
Kagkelina
Karel
Korkotas
Kodona
Lapadion
Martin
Maurena
Mesohor
Mourtazi
Palihor
Pachtsopon
Pivera
Rak (Riaki)
Sarpiska
Tsak
Tsarouchonos
Tsimprika
Tsiti Large
Tsiti Small
Haviana

 

References:
Eastern Pontus , by Savvas Kalenteridis
The Encyclopedia of Pontian Hellenism
The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos , A Bryer, D Winfield


Satellite Map of Torul

 

 

 

 

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