The Pontic Lyra (kemenche) is made up of several components, each of which serves a basic purpose. Listed from 1 through to 11, the following are the basic components of the lyra, each of which has a name which describes the function of that particular part.
For instance, the bridge is called a Gaidaron (Gr: Γαϊδαρον) which means 'donkey' in the Pontic dialect. It's function is to carry a heavy load, that of the 3 chords, and it also looks like a donkey saddle. Another example is the Palikar (Gr: Παλικάρ) which means 'strong man' in Pontic. It's purpose is to hold the 3 chords in place at the base of the lyra.
|Component (in Pontic)||Meaning||Component (in English)|
|1||Otia (Ωτία)||Ears||Tuning Pegs|
|2||Kifal (Κιφάλ)||Head||Peg Box|
|3||Ghoula (Γούλα)||Neck||Hand rest|
|8||Palikar (Παλικάρ)||Strong Man||Tailpiece|
|9||Skafee (Σκαφή)||Trough||Main Body|
|10||Stulari (Στουλάρ)||Post||Sound Post|